Most investors, whether they are individuals with a few hundred dollars to invest or large institutions with millions, use securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents when buying or selling stocks, bonds, shares in mutual funds, insurance annuities, or other financial products. In addition, many clients seek out these agents for advice on investments, insurance, tax planning, estate planning,
and other financial matters.
Securities and commodities sales agents, also called brokers, stockbrokers, registered representatives, account executives, or financial consultants, perform a variety of tasks, depending on their specific job duties. When an investor wishes to buy or sell a security, for example, sales agents may relay the order through their firmís computers to the floor of a securities exchange, such as the New York Stock Exchange. There, securities and commodities sales agents known as floor brokers negotiate the price with other floor brokers, make the sale, and forward the purchase price to the sales agents. If a security is not traded on an exchange, as in the case of bonds and over-the-counter stocks, the broker sends the order to the firmís trading department. Here, using their own funds or those of the firm, other
securities sales agents, known as dealers, buy and sell securities directly from other
dealers, with the intention of reselling the security to customers at a profit. After the
transaction has been completed, the broker notifies the customer of the final price.
Securities and commodities sales agents also provide many related services for their customers.
They may explain stock market terms and trading practices, offer financial counseling or advice on
the purchase or sale of particular securities, and design an individual clientís financial portfolio,
which could include securities, life insurance, corporate and municipal bonds, mutual funds,
certificates of deposit, annuities, and other investments.
Not all customers have the same investment goals. Some individuals prefer long-term investments,
for capital growth or to provide income over a number of years; others might want to invest in
speculative securities, which they hope will quickly rise in price. On the basis of each
customerís objectives, securities and commodities sales agents furnish information about the
advantages and disadvantages of an investment. They also supply the latest price quotes on any
securities, as well as information on the activities and financial positions of the corporations
issuing the securities.
Most securities and commodities sales agents serve individual investors; others specialize in
institutional investors, such as banks and pension funds. In institutional investing, sales
agents usually concentrate on a specific financial product, such as stocks, bonds, options,
annuities, or commodity futures. At other times, they may also handle the sale of new issues,
such as corporate securities issued to finance the expansion of a plant.
The most important part of a sales representativeís job is finding clients and building a
customer base. Thus, beginning securities and commodities sales agents spend much of
their time searching for customersrelying heavily on telephone solicitation. They
also may meet clients through business and social contacts. Agents often join civic
organizations and other social organizations to expand their networks. Many sales agents
find it useful to contact potential clients by teaching adult education investment courses or
by giving lectures at libraries or social clubs. Brokerage firms may give sales agents lists
of people with whom the firm has done business in the past. Some agents inherit the clients of
agents who have retired. After an agent is established, referrals from satisfied clients are an
important source of new business.
Financial services sales agents sell a wide variety of banking and related services.
They contact potential customers to explain their services and to ascertain customersí banking
and other financial needs. In doing so, they discuss services such as loans, deposit accounts,
lines of credit, sales or inventory financing, certificates of deposit, cash management, mutual
funds, or investment services. They also may solicit businesses to participate in consumer credit
card programs. Financial services sales agents who serve all the financial needs of a single
affluent individual or a business often are called private bankers or relationship managers.
With deregulation of the financial services industry, the distinctions among sales agents
are becoming less clear as securities firms, banks, and insurance companies venture further
into each otherís products and services. The agentsí jobs also are becoming more important
as competition between the firms intensifies.