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Employment: Food and Beverage Serving and Related Workers




Food and beverage serving and related workers held 6.5 million jobs in 2002. The distribution of jobs among the various food and beverage serving workers was as follows:

Waiters and waitresses 2,097,000
Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food 1,990,000
Dishwashers 505,000
Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee 467,000
Bartenders 463,000
Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers 409,000
Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop 298,000
Food servers, nonrestaurant 195,000
All other food preparation and serving related workers 117,000

The overwhelming majority of jobs for food and beverage serving and related workers were found in food services and drinking places, such as restaurants, coffee shops, and bars. Other jobs were found primarily in traveler accommodation (hotels); amusement, gambling, and recreation industries; educational services; grocery stores; nursing care facilities; civic and social organizations; and hospitals.

Jobs are located throughout the country but are typically plentiful in large cities and tourist areas. Vacation resorts offer seasonal employment, and some workers alternate between summer and winter resorts, instead of remaining in one area the entire year.